Evaluation of dental parameters perception by Lebanese prosthodontists, orthodontists and aesthetic doctors

Celine Kamel, Nadine Nachabe, Nada Osta, Carina Mehanna Zogheib

Abstract


The aim of this study was to compare the effect of varying smile parameters with respect to three indices between Lebanese dentists (prosthodontists and orthodontists) and medical doctors. 245 participants were divided into 3 groups. A photograph of the smile that conforms to a woman’s aesthetic standards has been digitally altered to provide a reference image. Next, images where modified then evaluated. The collected data was analyzed. Dental professionals critically judged dental aesthetics by focusing on the gingivo-dental characteristics that make the smile less pleasant. Dental professionals detected minimal dental discrepancies in a smile, unlike doctors who assessed the smile in relation to the entire face since their judgment is global. Lebanese doctors have a different perception of oral aesthetics from Lebanese prosthodontists and orthodontists. 

 

 

Le but de cette étude était de comparer la perception de divers paramètres du sourire par rapport à trois indices entre les dentistes libanais (prosthodontistes et orthodontistes) et les médecins travaillant dans le domaine de l’esthétique. 245 participants ont été répartis en 3 groupes. Une photographie du sourire conforme aux normes esthétiques d’une femme a été modifiée numériquement pour avoir une image de référence. Ensuite, les images ont été modifiées puis évaluées. L’analyse des données a montré la présence d’une différence entre les orthodontistes et les prosthodontistes d’une part et entre les médecins d’autre part. Les professionnels dentaires jugent de manière critique l’esthétique dentaire en se concentrant sur les caractéristiques gingivo-dentaires qui rendent le sourire moins agréable. Les professionnels dentaires détectent des écarts dentaires minimes dans un sourire, contrairement aux médecins qui évaluent le sourire par rapport à l’ensemble du visage puisque leur jugement est global. Les médecins libanais ont une perception de l’esthétique buccale différente de celle des prosthodontistes et orthodontistes libanais. 


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